Edible honeysuckle Duet: main characteristics of the variety
Garden honeysuckle has been widely recognized among gardeners for its unpretentiousness in care. Its rare composition of vitamins and minerals allows you to fully restore vitality after a long winter, and the taste and gastronomic properties allow the berry to be a favorite treat on every table. Today we consider a variety called Duet, its characteristics and rules of care.
Description of a variety of honeysuckle Duet
The honeysuckle variety Duet was created specifically for cultivation in regions with a temperate climate. Small compact bushes give high yields of large sweet berries and at the same time do not require constant attention from the gardener.
In the wild, people have been harvesting honeysuckle for many centuries. They are especially popular in folk medicine of the monasteries of the Urals and Altai. But they began to cultivate the plant only at the end of the 19th century in Russia.
By the middle of the 20th century, Russian breeders bred dozens of resistant varieties adapted to different climatic zones. All of them differ in terms of ripening, shape and taste of the fruit.
Garden honeysuckle gradually began to conquer other countries. Especially the inhabitants of Poland fell in love with this culture, where they began to actively use it in industrial processing. But not all Russian varieties fit the Polish climate. Realizing this, local breeders decided to develop their own varieties capable of producing maximum yields in Poland. So there was a variety of edible honeysuckle Duet.
Appearance, characteristics of berries, ripening time, yield
The honeysuckle variety Duet is characterized by a very early ripening period. Ripe fruits can be tasted already in late May and early June.
The plant is medium-sized, in height reaches 0.9–1.1 m. The bush is spherical, medium-spreading, with a diameter of 1.2–1.5 m. The root shoots are lowered, curved, matte, have a reddish tint.
Video: Honeysuckle Blowing
Flowering early, begins in the first half of April. The flowers are light yellow, rich in nectar, which is why this variety is often planted near beekeeping.
The fruits are large, up to 2 cm long and weighing from 1.1 to 1.5 g. The shape of the berries is fusiform, the color is dark purple, have a characteristic dense light waxy coating. The taste is sweet with a slight spicy bitterness.
Did you know? Honeysuckle contains 1.5 times more iron than apples.
Description of the chemical composition:
- solids - 12-16%;
- sugars, including glucose and fructose - 5-10%;
- acids, including ascorbic acid - 3.5-4.5%.
Honeysuckle Duet contains almost all the necessary vitamins and minerals:
- B vitamins - thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), folic acid (B9);
- Vitamin C
- PP vitamins;
Productivity is high: from one bush per season, 3.5–4 kg of berries are harvested.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- The duet is a new variety, but has already gained great popularity due to its indisputable advantages:
- early ripening;
- high productivity;
- winter hardiness;
- resistance of flowers to spring frosts;
- resistance to diseases and fungi;
- uniform ripening;
- low flaking of berries;
- high palatability and gastronomic properties.
There were no obvious flaws in the variety.
To grow honeysuckle bushes and get high yields from them, even beginner gardeners can do. You just need to plant the plants correctly, water them on time, feed them and carry out sanitary and anti-aging prunings. In this case, the culture will delight the fruits for 25-30 years.
Correct site selection - One of the main tasks in the agricultural technology of honeysuckle Duet.With a lack of light, the fruits of the culture become small and acidic, and in the wetlands the plants can die completely.
When choosing a place in the garden, you must observe the conditions for growth and abundant fruiting of the culture:
- The soil should have medium acidity and be medium-light. Black chernozems, peat bogs and lightened loams are ideal. With increased acidity, lime is added to the soil, heavy clay is mixed with sand and peat, light sandstones are heavier with chernozem, peat, clay.
- You can’t plant a crop in lowlands prone to spring floods, in wetlands and in areas with close occurrence of groundwater. In such conditions, the roots of the plant rot, the bushes die. If there is no suitable place, make a mound for honeysuckle.
- The site should be lit as much as possible. The more sunlight - the more abundant and tastier the crop.
- Plants should not be exposed to strong winds and drafts.
After selecting a site, proceed to its preparation. Honeysuckle is a precocious culture. But for the plant to give the first fruits within a year or two after planting, it must receive a maximum of nutrients during rooting.
To do this, the entire territory on which the seedlings will be planted is leveled, weeds and roots of perennial crops are removed, the soil is covered with a layer of organic fertilizers (manure, peat, humus), at the rate of 1 bucket per 1 m², and a site is excavated, with the layer turning over to the depth of the bayonet shovels.
Landing and care
You can plant the honeysuckle Duet both in spring and in autumn. But the plants of spring planting will be late in growth and begin to bear fruit a little later, so it is better to plant seedlings in the fall, in mid-October. During the winter, the earth will condense, plants will take root, and in spring they will grow together with older specimens.
Did you know? Abundant fruiting begins only at 4–5th year, since honeysuckle first develops a powerful root system and only after that does the full growth of the crown begin.
So that the bushes do not hurt, you need to select only healthy planting material:
- the seedling should have 2-3 basal shoots;
- branches should be flexible, without visible damage and deformation;
- the root system should be branched, flexible, without signs of drying out.
Honeysuckle is planted as follows:
- Dig holes with a diameter of 50 cm and a depth of 50 cm at a distance of 2 m from each other. The distance between the rows is 2–2.5 m.
- To further enrich the soil, pour into a hole a bucket of peat or humus and a half-liter can of wood ash.
- Fertilizers are mixed with the soil. From this composition, mounds are formed at the bottom of the pits.
- Seedlings are placed on the hills, the roots are evenly distributed over the hole and poured over a bucket of water.
- When the water settles, the plants are covered with fertile soil so that the root neck is 3-4 cm underground.
- They trample the earth and water it again abundantly.
In spring, honeysuckle will eject leaves and possibly the first flowers. If all the rules of planting are met, feeding the crop will not take another 3-4 years. In the early years, you just need to loosen the soil and remove weeds.
Starting from the moment the bushes give the first full-fledged crop, it is recommended to make fertilizers annually under the autumn dig. To do this, after the leaves fall, the soil is mulched with a bucket of humus or peat mixed with a liter can of wood ash over the area of the crown. Then make an insertion with turning the reservoir to a depth of 10-12 cm.
Important! Honeysuckle does not like an excess of moisture. It should be watered only if the earth really dries very much.
In the event that summer is usually very dry in the region, it is advisable to water the honeysuckle Duet three times during the growing season:
- The first watering is necessary during the flowering period and the formation of the ovary. This has a positive effect on the abundance of the crop.
- A second watering is needed when the berries begin to ripen.This allows you to pour the largest fruits.
- The third time it is important to water the honeysuckle abundantly in preparation for wintering. Watering is carried out in the middle or end of October, after the leaves fall, but before the onset of frost. This helps plants tolerate the winter easier and forms strong buds for the next season.
Watering should be done by the root method. To do this, they dig a trench 10-12 cm deep around the circumference of the crown and pour water into it. When the water settles, the ditch is buried, the soil is mulched.
The honeysuckle Duet has bisexual, but self-fertile flowers, therefore, bears fruit only if there are conditions for cross pollination. In other words, to obtain berries in one area, you need to plant at least two different varieties of this crop.
Important! The more different varieties of honeysuckle grows in one territory, the more abundant the crop.
This culture begins to bloom very early, in the first half of April. Usually, bees do not fly at this time, so the main pollinators of honeysuckle are bumblebees.
Pest and Disease Control
Reviews of gardeners suggest that the honeysuckle Duet has excellent immunity to various diseases, fungi and pests, therefore, preventive treatments with chemical compounds are not required.
Most often, the virus is either present in the planting material initially, or is transmitted from a diseased bush through a pruning tool.
In very rare cases, the culture can become infected with the leaf mosaic virus, which is manifested by brown-green spots and stripes on the leaves.
There is no cure for this disease. Infected plants must be immediately uprooted and burned away from the garden to prevent the spread of the disease to other inhabitants of the garden.
Of the pests, honeysuckle can attract aphids, spider mites, honeysuckle fingerworms, and acacia false shields:
- Aphid - small insects of gray and green color, from afar resembling plaque on leaves and trunks. To kill aphids use Cypermethrin after harvesting.
- Spider mite - manifests itself in the form of pinholes on the leaves and a barely noticeable web. As part of the struggle, the bushes are sprayed "Malathion" after harvesting.
- Honeysuckle Fingerfly - a small caterpillar that settles in the fruit. Infected fruits bend and stop growing. To destroy the pest, you need to carefully collect the diseased berries and burn.
- Acacia false shield - manifested by swollen plaques on the shoots. The methods of struggle are the same as in the case of the spider mite.
Flocks of thrushes often attack honeysuckle plantations and eat all the berries in minutes. To protect the crop from birds, the bushes are covered with a protective net.
Cropping and shaping the crown
Honeysuckle Duet does not require the intervention of a gardener in the formation of the crown. In the first years, you only need to clean young growth, leaving 2-3 young strong basal shoots every season. Annually, before the sap flow begins (end of February – beginning of March), damaged, weak and bent inward branches should be removed.
Scheme of detailed pruning of the honeysuckle fruiting bush blue. a-bush before trimming b-after trimming
After 10 years, you need to rejuvenate pruning once every 2-3 years. To do this, cut out the oldest branches, giving the opportunity to develop new ones and providing good access to the sun's rays inside the bush.
Honeysuckle Duet - winter-hardy variety. It easily tolerates frosts down to -40 ° C. The flowers of this culture do not die during spring frosts to -8 ° C, so you do not need to cover or bend branches for the winter.
Important! If very severe frosts are expected during the flowering period, you need to cover the area with brushwood, set fire to it before dawn and fumigate the plants until the frost drops.
Harvesting and transportation of crops
Honeysuckle Duet is characterized by the simultaneous ripening of fruits, which is very convenient for harvesting.Thick peel and dry peel allow picking berries by shaking. To do this, cover the ground under the bush with a film or canvas and carefully shake off all the fruits on the ground. Then the covering material is collected, the crop is poured into containers for storage or transportation.
Duet is a very good variety for storage and transportation. In the summer heat, berries can stand up to 4 days directly in the buckets. The closer the temperature drops to 0 ° C, the longer the berries can be stored.
When choosing a honeysuckle variety for planting on your site, focus not only on the taste and size of the berries, but also on the whimsical care. The honeysuckle Duet is distinguished by high rates in all respects and its unpretentiousness in care, therefore it is suitable for cultivation by both experienced and novice gardeners.