The rules of the autumn transplantation of gooseberries to a new place
Many people know the gooseberry plant - it is a shrub with soft juicy berries that can grow on different types of soil in sunny areas. Sometimes it becomes necessary for one reason or another to transplant this plant to a new place. Before you begin to do this, it is worth studying the rules for transplanting this culture. Read about these rules later in the article.
Gooseberry Autumn Transplant: Deadlines
Transplanting gooseberries in autumn is better than in spring. The thing is that in the fall after harvesting the plant will be completely ready for rooting in a new place, in contrast to the spring transplant. In the spring, you can not guess with the timing of planting before the swelling of the kidneys, and in the fall all the vitality of the bush will be directed to rooting and it will take root better.
It’s difficult to specify the exact landing dates - it depends on the climatic conditions of the region. This definitely needs to be done before the onset of cold weather, tentatively between mid-October and mid-November.
Important! The air temperature during the autumn planting of gooseberries should not be lower than + 8 ° C and not higher than + 15 ° C.
Selection and preparation of a place taking into account humidity and lighting
As for the place for transplantation, gooseberries prefer open and sunny areas, protected from strong winds and drafts. It is better to find a place where the plant will be well lit by the morning sun. In the afternoon, gooseberries tolerate partial shade and prefer a cool, moist growing area. Northern slopes with protection from direct sunlight - the best option. Landing along the side of a building, fence or shady arbor is also suitable.
Not the best would be the neighborhood of gooseberries with currants and raspberries, as they have identical diseases and pests. But in place of legumes and beets, you can safely transplant this plant.
Important! Tools that will be used for transplanting the plant must be treated with a disinfectant solution.
- chopped autumn leaves;
- peat - especially if the soil is sandy.
The optimum soil pH for gooseberries should be approximately 6.5.
Preparing a plant for transplant
Gooseberry itself does not need a transplant - it is carried out only if the owners want to transfer the plant to another place. Sometimes they have a desire to transplant the plant for decorative purposes, and sometimes - as needed, in order to improve productivity. Often, specimens are selected for transplantation, whose age is 3-5 years. The older the plant, the more difficult it will be to transplant due to an overgrown root system.First of all, you need to thoroughly trim the bush selected for transplantation - this will greatly facilitate further manipulations with the plant. It must be remembered that new shoots originate from the underground part, therefore, older, weak shoots should be removed, cutting them off at the soil line.
Proper pruning will allow the entrenched gooseberry bushes to be filled with energy in the spring for good fruiting, improve the penetration of sunlight and maintain good air circulation, and minimize the risks of plant morbidity.
At the first stage of transplantation, the shrub should be dug in a circle. You need to dig as far as possible from the base (40-50 cm) so as not to damage the root system. The largest roots can be cut with a convenient tool (shovel, hatchet), remove the plant from the ground, put it on a previously prepared film or cloth and transfer to a selected place.
Did you know? Catherine II was very fond of jam cooked in syrup with the addition of cherry leaves. And the main ingredient in the treat was the unripe fruits of green gooseberries. This jam at the court was called “royal”.
A couple of weeks before the proposed transplant, you need to dig a new hole as deep as necessary - that is, when installing the bush in a new place, it should not sit deeper in the soil than before (a depth of no more than 5 cm is allowed). If you plant the plant deeper, then the roots will go to the growth, not the shoots.
As a layer of mulch, you can use compost. This will enable natural and slow feeding of plants. Also, if the ground is “bad,” using a layer of compost mulch will help improve the soil over time.
Next, you need to install a bush, slightly bending, straighten the roots, and then densely cover them with fertile soil. Then you should water the bush with 3-4 buckets of water. Peat chips can be poured onto the surface of the soil.
When transplanting several bushes, you can use 1 of 4 options for the procedure.
- Bush - suitable for spacious areas. The holes need to be dug in rows. The distance between them should be 2.5–3 m.
- Linear - in 1 row.
- Chess - land in several rows in a checkerboard pattern.
- Tape - transplanted in trenches with a width and depth of 50 × 50 cm. Arrange bushes slightly obliquely, at a distance of 60–70 cm from each other.
Video: how to transplant gooseberries
The conditions, both for a single transplant and for transplanting several bushes, are the same: you will need a lighted place, the absence of drafts, fertile and mulched soil, shelter for the winter.
Important! When falling asleep holes with transplanted bushes do not need to condense the topsoil too much, otherwise this can lead to the formation of puddles on the soil surface.
Transplanted bushes on moisture-holding soils will require a little additional watering and mulching of the soil.
Watering and feeding
Watering after transplantation is carried out every 3-4 days for 2 weeks. Watering needs to be done, pushing back the layer of mulch, and the water needs to be used standing up.
If gooseberries are transplanted in the fall, plant nutrition is not necessary.2 weeks after transplantation, preventive treatment of plants against fungal diseases and pests that can settle on shoots for the winter should be carried out. Prophylactic drugs have proven themselves well: Bordeaux liquid and Nitrafen.
The gooseberry bush will survive the wintering safely if its trunk shaft is mulched with a good layer of sawdust or dry foliage.After each irrigation with an extended layer of mulch, you need to again cover the trunk circle.
The main mistakes in the fall transplant
Gooseberry autumn transplant is different from spring. You need to follow the rules of this procedure and not make mistakes, so that in the spring the bush grows stronger and begins to bear fruit.
- You can not dig a bush in advance and transfer it to a new place with dry roots. If it still happened that the bush was dug up well in advance, then it is imperative to immerse its roots in warm water for 2 hours before planting.
- You can not dig a hole on the day of planting, so as not to get a deepening of the root neck after subsidence.
- You can not dig a hole larger than it was before.
- You can not transfer the plant to a shady and wetland.
- Ignoring the mulching of the soil, you can destroy the fruit crop.
Preparing for the winter
If the gooseberry bush will winter in a cold region where there is little snow, then spruce branches, dry foliage or other covering material should be used as covering material. In regions with warm winters, gooseberries do not need to be covered. However, sometimes gardeners prefer to shelter gooseberry bushes not only in the Urals or Siberia, but in such relatively warm regions as Polesie or Moscow Region.
Before shelter, the shoots of the bush must be tied in a bunch and tilted closer to the soil, reinforced with boards. In addition, good mulching of the soil is an important condition for the successful wintering of this crop.
Did you know? Gooseberries were grown in Asia and Africa in the 16th century, and later the plant spread to European countries.
So, having put into practice all the knowledge gained about transplanting gooseberries, you can “renew” the plant, give it energy, and it, in turn, will thank the owners with a good harvest.